The legend, the wood, the stick.



With the half-bar is trained today in all countries. Such a persuader does not have to be made of wood. This can also be an everyday item, such as the umbrella.

Image Source: Volume I of 'De Arte Athletica' by Paul (Paulus) Hector Mair (mid 1500) is online at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. It is more than 600 web pages long.


Cornus mas wood is the symbol of permanence. I saw someplace a wooden clock, it has been ticking for over three hundred and sixty years.


Anything that has to withstand enormous forces such as thrust, blow or twist can be made from cornelian cherry. Here in the picture the small basket of a mill. The drive wheel is man-high. Beeswax, pork fat or tallow were the lubricants. Parts of mills were functional for up to four hundred years.

That's still like that. Wood does not make sounds as loud as metal. In addition, the elastic material of the mechanism gives some air to start. Almost like a living organism. Therefore, the wagons at the railways are not firmly tied together.

No locomotive in the world can move the whole train at once. However one freight car after the other. What are a few inches for the locomotive, there have the mills are a few millimeters.


There was no sawmill in the Stone Age. A log split up was the only way to effectively maintain a flat surface. Traditionally, to preserve boards of oak trunks, these are still being split out as they were a thousand years ago. The preservation of the fibers lengthwise across the whole trunk, made the viking boats so alive in the water. still Hardwood wedges are used for splitting. Who is crazy enough and does not shy away from the high procurement costs takes Cornelian cherry. 

The blanks for the tough bamboo fishing rods are still traditionally still today split and then ground. Who wants to build a good bow should also stick to it.



The world wide web has enough entries about assumptions about this topic. There are also replicas of the Sarissen. Unfortunately not in the original material. Cornelian cherry stands like carbon fiber. Everything else is lax, like fiberglass, as a modern comparison.

From a reliable source an original report from a serious observer. The the greek globetrotter Xenophon is the only civilian in the history of war. Anyone who did not speak Greek was a barbarian. Let's now hear what the less well-equipped barbarians did with a small war vanguard.

"When they came to a hand-to-hand encounter, all of the Greeks who struck anyone broke their spears, while the barbarians, being armed with javelins of cornel-wood, speedily killed twelve men and two horses. Thereupon the Greeks were turned to flight. But when Agesilaus came to the rescue with the hoplites, the barbarians withdrew again and one of them was killed." 

 Xenophon, Hellenica, Book 3, chapter 4, section 14

"Most of the time he pursued his march through the country in safety; but when he was not far from Dascyleium, his horsemen, who were going on ahead of him, rode to the top of a hill so as to see what was in front. And by chance the horsemen of Pharnabazus, under the command of Rhathines and Bagaeus, his bastard brother, just about equal to the Greek cavalry in number, had been sent out by Pharnabazus and likewise rode to the top of this same hill. And when the two squadrons saw one another, not so much as four plethra apart, at first both halted, the Greek horsemen being drawn up four deep like a phalanx, and the barbarians with a front of not more than twelve, but many men deep. Then, however, the barbarians charged." 

Xenophon, Hellenica, Book 3, chapter 4, section 13

The dispute fail described here took place on the soil of Asia Minor.

Against the Persians. The Greek, they had known the material. I wonder why ? The famous Macedonian phalanx already existed at this time. Maybe the Greeks got bloody heads also in Macedonia. The neighboring countries of macedonia and greece are still green not together by the time green today.

Because of this incident, the literate Greeks learned to use the Cornelian cherry as a source of material. About 300 years later, Ovid multi reports of the cornelian cherry with the burden of iron ore. It must have been huge areas planted with cornelian cherries.


When the factories for Walking sticks producers had their best time, there were plantations with more than two hundred hectare. Only for stalk removal. Workers used patented templates to scrape patterns of special growth into the bark. The designs were even patented.

Each nation has its own centuries old stick fighting culture. The weapons bans at all times, around the world, led people to search replacements. The result was the simple inconspicuous stick. some forms became legendary. In German speech lands, the Ziegenhainer. The wood also withstands the blade of a possible opponent. A sharp duel could be interrupted with the Ziegenhainer. Without damaging the wood great.

The birth pangs of the Ziegenhainer probably initiated the first rescript in 1641. The petition was issued by Duke Wilhelm to the City Council of Jena. An initially hopeless undertaking. The Thirty Years War was still in full swing. Also the honorary trade outside the battlefield cost human lives. Rust on the sword, unthinkable for the joung man one noble family.

In case of improper behavior yourself, competition or rivalry. An inexperienced contender was not able to learn the rules of behavior despite assistance, not completely accident-free. There were stick blows. With the difference to the commoner ... they served the educationof personalities.

A little remark. : Verbal level, men are make a fool of themselves about four hundred times a day. That is Persistent pain without chance to ever end this condition. Without actual resistance, it remains a very childlike behavior, for ever.

Even if behind closed doors. The elitist method has not yet come out of fashion. The martial way with the sharp blade to teach someone a lesson. The pain of these editing injuries is not as deep as that of the silly ones. First of all ... they heal.

An appeal, from the student compounds has survived to this day in the bourgeois. Departure ! The ur form of the Middle Ages was, from the horse by the lance someone in the Barriers to reprove.

In the beating connections is said :

to give someone a rebuff.



For leather soles and wooden beams.

Good shoes or boots are nailed to this day. A friend of mine is still fixing her. The oldest I saw were soldier boots. They came from the time of the battle of Jena - Auersted. That was on 14 October 1806.

I built my carport myself with wooden nails. If I want, I'll knock the nails out and disassemble all the bars into items. A kind of early Lego for adults. This construction is very elastic and compensates for enormous wind loads and snow pressure without breaking. Once even a whole tree trunk was on it.

Three tractors in a row did not manage to tear down a small half-timbered barn. The thick steel rope tore like a thread. My father told me this story and later I was allowed to live it myself.


Homer described the very accurate examination of the bow by Odysseus. Only those who know the Cornelian cherry wood know what he did 2800 years ago. A literary stroke of luck. I do not know why the material has been described so seldom. Time played no role in ancient times. Exploitation in mining has been calculated in terms of one thousand years.

Odysseus bow may have served as a metaphor to over-emphasize the power of the wood. In fact, the bow also sets a sign of power. Even through external influences like hot pork fat, it is still incredibly strong.

The round cornelian cherry rod had cooked in steam for ninety minutes. When bending, i tore the workbench out of the anchorage with forty-millimeter rod. Just like it's nothing.


Out of the numerous forms of this world, the ornate gold-laden signs of power have emerged the royal scepters. The archetype is the simple bludgeon. The war bludgeon could be a simple small excavated tree with burned roots. Was the end with be weighted with a stone, calls the Indians of North America call this a skullcracker. The european special form is the Harier sword.

These Harier swords looked like split wood for the stove. Only much longer. The weight was estimated by the scientists after excavation finds to about three pounds.